“The Training of the High Priest in Hebrews”

The Bible teaches that Christ is our Savior and Redeemer, with the book of Hebrews providing an in-depth explanation of this concept. The gospel, which includes Christ’s accomplishments of redemption, reconciliation, and peace with God, is essential for salvation and holiness. Grace is found in Jesus Christ and can be experienced even while grappling with complex theological ideas, such as the New Covenant, the Everlasting Covenant, and Israel versus the Church. The law, particularly the Ten Commandments, highlights sin rather than Christ’s virtues, and while the Sabbath commandment points to the gospel, the law itself only condemns. The humanity and divinity of Jesus Christ are explored, with his high priestly ministry according to the order of Melchizedek being of great importance for the body of Christ and the remnant of Israel during the tribulation. Through Christ’s death and resurrection, believers are free from sin and the law, co-heirs with Christ, and members of a new priesthood that allows them to celebrate the benefits of Christ’s sacrifice. The book of Hebrews is a powerful text that emphasizes the importance of understanding Christ’s high priestly ministry, the gospel, and the need to move beyond basic principles to delve deeper into the person and work of Jesus Christ.

I. Entering Rest through Christ’s High Priestly Service (Hebrews 4)
A. Edification and Refreshment through Christ (John 7:37-39)
B. The Gospel: Redemption, Reconciliation, and Peace with God (Ephesians 2:14-18)
C. The Word: Spirit and Life (John 6:63)
II. The Relationship between Law and Christ
A. The Law: Ministry of Condemnation and Death (2 Corinthians 3:7-9)
B. The Sabbath pointing to the Gospel (Hebrews 4:9-11)
C. Criticism of Misinterpretation of Galatians (Galatians 3:24-25)
III. The Perverted Views of Sabbath and Christ
A. Resting in Christ: True Sabbath (Matthew 11:28-30)
B. The Gospel: Spirit and Life (John 6:63)
C. The High Priest’s Intercession (Hebrews 7:25)
IV. God Speaks through His Son (Hebrews 1:1-2)
A. Gospel Brings Refreshing and Liberation (2 Corinthians 3:17)
B. Edification and Transformation through Christ (2 Corinthians 3:18)
C. The New Creation and the Eighth Day (2 Peter 3:13)
V. The Significance of Christ’s Resurrection and Believers (Romans 6:4-11)
A. Co-heirs with Christ (Romans 8:16-17)
B. The New Priesthood (1 Peter 2:9-10)
C. Christ’s Work Revealed through the Spirit (1 Corinthians 2:9-10)
VI. Christ’s High Priestly Ministry (Hebrews 5:1-10)
A. Jesus’ Appointment by God (Hebrews 5:5-6)
B. Christ’s Humanity and Divinity (Hebrews 2:14-18)
C. The Order of Melchizedek (Psalm 110:4)
VII. Living Water and the Throne of God and the Lamb (Revelation 22:1-5)
A. The Water of Life (John 4:14)
B. Christ’s Glorification (John 7:39)
C. The Lamb of God and the Kingdom of God (Revelation 11:15)
VIII. Christ’s Obedience and High Priestly Ministry (Hebrews 5:7-9)
A. Obedience through Suffering (Philippians 2:8)
B. The Merciful High Priest (Hebrews 4:15-16)
C. Intercession and Strength (Romans 8:34)
IX. Moving Beyond Basic Principles (Hebrews 5:12-14)
A. Milk vs. Meat (1 Corinthians 3:1-3)
B. Discipline and Training (Hebrews 12:11)
C. Living Water and Satisfaction (John 4:13-14)
X. Supporting the Ministry (Galatians 6:6)
A. Promoting Biblical Teachings (2 Timothy 4:2)
B. Encouraging Financial Support (1 Corinthians 9:14)
C. Overcoming Censorship (Ephesians 6:12)

Test Understanding

  1. What is the concept of rest in Hebrews 4 and how does it relate to benefiting from the service of Jesus Christ?
  2. How can one enter rest according to the document, and why is it important to distinguish between law and grace?
  3. What is the difference between the law and the gospel, and how do they each relate to forgiveness, redemption, and access to God?
  4. How does the document critique the idea that the law points to Christ and obligates people to obey the moral law?
  5. Why is the gospel viewed as our food and drink, and how does it bring holiness and liberty?
  6. What is the importance of not neglecting the word of God and the warnings in Hebrews according to the document?

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